Jane Addams as a social settlement activist established the Hull House in 1889 in Chicago. This establishment is a historical event, which impacted the social reform in the US in the first part of the 20th century and the second part of the 19th century. The establishment was started in Chicago, Illinois in the middle of an over-populated immigrant neighborhood. The Hull House was established under the following outlines: to live in a society as equal shareholders in the basic issues that were affecting the community, Jane Addams regarded the primary dignity of all people regardless of their ethnic background, gender, and age. The founder of the Hull House also believed that poverty was the breeding ground for the humanitarians’ problems that were experienced in slums. Diseases, ignorance, and crime were the result of the financial harassment and not the outcome of defect in ethical character.
Jane Addams initiated the inspiration that access to opportunities was the way forward to triumphant participation in a democratic society. The Hull House provided a societal center, which had a variety of social services and programs. The residents provided labor at the Hull House on voluntary basis. The facility became a residential area for most female social advocates and professionals. Currently, the Hull House Association is a successor of a settlement city that was founded by Jane Addams in late 1800s. The philosophical impartation in the words of Jane Addams was to assist in solving issues in the city life to help others to build self sufficient and responsible lives for their families.
The factors that influenced the establishment of the Hull House at this period were a mixture of political, social and economic-related inequalities for women, such as lack of voting opportunity and low wages with long working hours. During this time, there was lack of laws for women regarding labor and the increases in the incidents of child labor in Chicago. Late in 1800s, the United States was related with the highest job fatality incidents of any industrialized civilization.
The time between 1880 and 1920, approximately 18 million immigrants traveled to the US in search for employment opportunities, most of them were economically challenged. At that time, these poor immigrants inhabited the area surrounding the Hull House. Due to great migration the Progressive Movement occurred. The goal of this movement was to democratize the social justice structure through the establishment of honest governing systems with better regulation for trade and commitment to public services.
The age of the greatest transformation happened between 1900 and 1908 yielding positive results courtesy of reformist like Jane Addams. These positive impartations included the enactment of law regulating child labor. This enacted law stated the limits for the working hours, stipulated wages, and rights to education. In 1913, Addams had the greatest impact in the women`s suffrage association at a tie, when she was the deputy president of the National American Women Suffrage Movement. This movement pushed the rights of women to vote, which was granted in 1920. It is on this basis that the Hull House was established.
Prior to the establishment of the Hull House democracy applied with partiality, women were not allowed to venture in the national politics. The society was characterized by discrimination against women. There were no professional women during this era of inequality. The foundation of the Hull House afforded women the right to vote, venture to professional carrier, and gave Jane Addams publicity that influenced the national politics.
During the first part of the 20th century, direct democracy was implemented, the legistrature incorporated the initiative. Tough regulations were passed this time on the railroad commission, to help in the promotion of proper governance. The state board in charge of control was created under the supervision of Neylan. This board saw the introduction of the modern budgetary that follows calculated estimation of revenue. The practice enabled the State government to save a great deal in revenue. The amendment of voting law to accommodate female voters also saw the light of the day during this period of heydays.
The public morality was given the first priority by the empowered progressives. The lawmakers also banned the usage of slot machines that were commonly used in gambling. These progressives always had ambivalent notion concerning organized labor. Reserved collared children from lower class citizens were previously associated with poorly paid labor. However, the progressives detested this.
In 1908, Henry Ford designed the T model to appeal to the masses. The model was fast, light, and strong. He had found the use of Vanadium steel in designing this model more economical and strong than any other alloy of steel that was in use during that time. The use of black paint was famous at that time, since it could dry faster as compared to other paints.
Overwhelmed by the demand, in 1913, Ford added a motor powered assembly line in his assembly plant. This development fastened the production of the vehicles putting into consideration the quality that was preferred in the market. This assembly line was responsible for a significant cut in the production time and cost. Some of these savings from the new development were passed to the consumers in form of reduced price for the automobile. Between 1908 and 1927, Ford had released more than 15 million cars to the global market that was continuously broadening (Alan Axelrod, 2008).
Though, the great sale of the automobiles made Ford wealthy and famous though he still associated himself with masses. This association empowered Ford doubling the pay for his workers in 1914 making them the best paid workers in the industry. He believed that by increasing the pay for his workers they would be happy and continue to work more effectively and efficiently. He also created a social relation department in his plant that was supposed to handle workers` issues with the aim of making their lives more comfortable. The elite of the day like Gifford and Theoredore Roosevelt didn`t need to do physical work like many others, since in their capacity they had developed leadership skills that were needed for progression of the nation. They were seen by other people as the sources of guidance, which effects the leadership position with little participation in the manual working but largely engaged mentally.
Investigating the US experience and negative impact of the US expansion upon the overseas` countries, Twain assumed a position of critics of what was being implemented by the government to facilitate the influence of the US to other nations.
According to Twain this process was a new way of exerting the burden of slavery to the nation that were mounding the destination of their citizens, most of whom were victims of slavery. The process of American expansion did not consider be the right of other nations. Twain preferred a genuine interaction between the US and its overseas associate, where mutual benefits could have been given priority as the foundation of the relationship. Considering that most of the nation that US was engaging in the expansion that was less developed compared to the US, Twain perceived this process as a mean of imposing the US influence to these nations where only the US was benefiting at the expense of the assumed subject.