Even though many educators and historians argue against the existence of racism in the south, it is much predominant in the South where several people suffer discrimination as a result of their racial background. For example, African-Americans are some of the most affected group by racism in the south. Due to early stigma of slave trade brutalities their parents and forefathers encountered, this group developed a deep psychological aspect of racism. Although the media and education unity tries to reduce the gap of racism some of the perceived effects of racism on this group may include xenophobia, supremacist, segregation, and copying. This is a clear indication that racism is alive to date as some groups of people, especially the whites assume superiority over other races.

African -American has to seek a copying mechanism against the stressors they encountered from the whites. In this situation, the whites often used racial slurs even in learning institutions against their colleagues from other races (Alabama 4). As the latter formed minority groups during that period, there was no possible way they could fight back to gain the sense of belonging in the white dominated society hence they took xenophobic copying mode. They developed high degree of antipathy towards the whites; this was characterized by hatred and fear. They could not allow themselves to come into any kind of unity with the whites. The blacks never wanted to associate themselves with the whites at any angle. They could simply give space when threatened or take to violent actions. However, the University of Alabama Black Faculty Association made several attempts to remedy a racist situation in this state university. For instance, the association sought for conviction for the whites who engaged in using racial slurs. It managed to formulate rules that could be used to stop utterances aimed at enhancing racism in the South (Alabama 6). 

On the other hand, the perspective taken by Muhammad in the documentary “Modern Urban America” was equally unique. His idea was inclined to depict blackness as a natural catastrophe. He focuses on times when black people were synonymous with crime, thus, perpetuating racism. Essentially, the whites were taken to be a burden to the blacks. Violence behavior became a form of attaining confidence within the group of the blacks (“Modern Urban America” 7). Despite the changing times, this author agrees that some bits of modern day racism still exist in South America.

In their work on racism, Hood and Quentin presented a very important aspect of racial differences among people living in the South. Despite the fact that Hood and Quentin focus on political inclinations of the southerners, they manage to focus on racial influences in making political decisions. The mobilization of blacks is done with racial intentions. These authors have managed to show that racism still exists in the south. For instance, they indicated that in the South, African-Americans were made to develop behavior justifying the white supremacy (Hood and Quentin 14). This approach made them to stay in their small cocoon without trying to challenge the white man in any field. The supremacy attitude is what led the blacks to suffer in poverty and fail to venture into scientific studies and researches (Hood and Quentin 18).

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Manning Marable reviews black experience and the racial politics of the 21st century and its implications on the America, which can be applied to the deep-rooted racism in the South (Manning 108). The article acknowledge that the America, especially the south has had a huge history of racial dispute, and no matter the efforts to ameliorate the effects, small aspects of racist treatment will continue to be exhibited as long as blacks and whites coexist. In this case, the Latin Americans were the second most affected by racism after the African-American. These Mexican origins were lynched and brutally punished by the colonialists. The Mexicans were forcefully deported by the American during the Great Depression, the event later was found to include the American citizen. Some of the crucial elements highlighted by Palmer Colin, which is associated with liberation that helped individuals to attain independence, include individuals uprising against any form of victimization and oppression that proves the ineffectiveness of those in authority (Palmer 46). Therefore, individuals would consider enlightenment as a benchmark that allows people to differentiate right from wrong. Consequently, they will demand for their rights and privileges from the authority resulting in freedom. All these forms of changes are usually exposed to various barriers, but people must adopt the most appropriate practices to access freedom. However, the costs of freedom should not be harmful to interfere with the outcome of the struggle. Palmer’s assertion of the need and ways of getting freedom are critical for both individuals and authorities (Palmer 54).

Both Manning and Palmer demonstrate the benefits of personal freedom. Through their illustration of ways of attaining freedom from exploitative authorities, they indicate varied approaches that warrant adoption. For the citizens, it is clear that democratic leadership that insists on the adherence to individuals’ rights in every aspect signify freedom. They assert that, despite this outcome being thorough, it is important to instill efforts that will earn the common person all the respect and trust. On the other hand, it is vital to have a government that will make sure that citizens are free from any form of victimization or exploitation. In this case, the systems of the government should be restructured to reflect the need to enhance personal freedom. The consolidation of the efforts of citizens and the government leads to maximum individual independence.           

According to the newspaper article “African-American culture and history of the black experience” by Colin Palmer, the author attempted to bring forth the hidden fact about inherently high levels of racism in South America. He asserted that the world is made to believe that this vice is long gone, but the reality is totally different. As postulated in this newspaper article racism resulted into high degree of segregation between the groups. They could not share motels or hotels (Palmer 5). The most known effects of racism were seen in South Africa between the whites and the African. The blacks and whites could not share anything in common.  To date racism is still witnessed in some areas in America though in a lighter tone. This showed that the article explored the topic and asserted the existence of racism in the south.

The Arab group faced a lot of discrimination based on racism. The laws governing their immigration were tightened that only few could copy. The law required that their origin be clearly identified. Arab was to be distinguished whether white or black to gain entry in some territories. As presented in David White’s article in a newspaper interview, Ron Sparks an aspiring governor dismisses reports that there is no racism in the south (White 2). Sparks acknowledge the existence of racism   in Alabama. This interview is a manifestation of the remaining links to allude to the fact that the south is still racist like before on now that it is not widespread. Therefore, this article is crucial for tackling the topic of racism in South America. For example, on some occasions the blacks resolve to mediate the whites system. They started acting like the whites through dressing, language and other cultural beliefs. To extreme extents, some took to changing their skin color and avoided being associated with their native land. In summary, it is true to argue that racism is still in the South. 

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